Central Heating

Home » Central Heating
Central Heating 2016-11-22T18:26:08+00:00

Central Heating: How Furnaces Work, The Process & Heating Services

Furnace Repair
Furnace Replacement
Mini Splits

What is Central Heating?

Central heating is simply when a heat source in the building delivers heat to multiple other parts of the building through a distribution system.  The distribution system can use pipes or ductwork, dependent on what is being circulated (hot air, hot water or steam). This is all controlled by a control system known as the thermostat.  There are several ways this is done but some of the common are furnaces and air handlers.

Forced Air Systems

This is a heat dispersion method where heat is dispersed through the space via air.  This is a very common method for the St. Louis area.  One of the major benefits of this system is that it can be used for both cooling and heating where as other forms of distribution systems are only good for heating.  However its system of ductwork can be fairly space consuming.  Also dust and other allergens can get into the duct work and then be circulated around the house, reducing overall air quality inside the home.

These systems have two basic parts the furnace or air handler and the system of ductwork.  The furnace or air handler receives air, usually for a residential setting through the return ducts. Then if it needs heated the air is heated in the furnace by way of the evaporator coil and then a part called the blower(yes, it’s very creatively named) takes the treated air and blows it into the supply plenum.  This is the main supply for the ducts and from their the treated air will be distributed throughout the home via the rest of the supply ductwork.

Steam radiant systems

These disperse heat around a building, like a forced air system, but instead of heating air it heats steam! Instead of a system of ductwork you would need a system of pipes and radiators.  This system does have the major drawback of needing a whole different system to cool the same building.  However it generally requires a bit less upkeep.  This system is one of the oldest methods of heating and is still in use today.

Ancient Rome: The romans used a system known as a hypocaust which used a wood burning furnace to create heated air. It circulated the air around the building via spaces under the floor and pipes throughout the wall.

1807: William Strutt and Charles Sylvester create a warm-air stove. It was first created for a hospital so that the patients could breath fresh warm air.

1815: James Watt Creates first steam based central heating unit and began preparing for everyday use.

1832: Angier March Perkins develops central heating which was coming into fashion in Britain, with steam or hot air systems generally being used.

Tips On Maintaining Your Central Heating System

  • Test for Carbon monoxide regularly – carbon monoxide can be deadly if too much of it is in the home.

  • Replace your filter on a regular basis – this keeps your unit running efficiently.  Also the filter’s primary job is to keep debris out of the furnace for its protection.

  • Check that your air ducts are properly sealed

  • Make sure that air vents are not obstructed.

  • Have a professional service your unit on at least a yearly basis.

budget savings club

Budget Savings Club

Protect one of the biggest investments you put into your home. With ourBudget Savings Club we help clean, maintain and protect your equipment and ensure you maintain your warranty.  You also receive 15% off all repairs and replacements, have priority scheduling and waives all service fees.  Sign up today by clicking the button below or give us a call to get more information (636) 887-2800.

Budget Savings Club
  • Waive Service Fee
  • 15% Off All Repairs & Replacements
  • Priority Scheduling
  • 29-Point Safety Inspection & Cleaning

310 Main St. St. Peters, MO 63376(636) 887-2800Relax@JustCallBudget.com